Many countries with high levels of inward migration now have companies offering unpaid internships. With the glut of labour from overseas employers have little need to pay for training. Unpaid internships enable them to induct staff without pay. Worse still, many of these internships are frauds, offering no real prospect of permanent employment, giving the employer free labour. Listen to the debate.
Young people should listen less to the propaganda of the Remain campaign and look at the dire consequences to the young our EU membership has caused.
Sub standard employment
The over supply of labour due to lax migration policies has trapped millions of young people in substandard employment.
- Many (330,000+) are struggling in zero hour contracts.
- Many are part of the 9 million stuck in low paid part time work.
- Many are one of the millions of lone self employed individuals earning an average weekly wage of £240 in exploitative sectors such as the Gig Economy.
- Some are amongst the 30,000 graduates in back to back unpaid internships.
One of the reasons that they suffer these conditions is lack of training and career development.
Lack of training
Evidence from several major sources, including the UK Commission’s Employer Skills Survey (UKCESS), shows a sustained decline in training volumes and duration since 2003. When there is a deep pool of labour from overseas to draw on, why would employers spend money on training?
A 22% cut in student nurse training positions that occured whilst the NHS were recruiting growing numbers of nurses from overseas (before the bursaries were cut in 2017) led the European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies to question “whether it is fair that young people are barred from entering medical education in their country…while foreign inflows continue”.
Fortunately this will reverse when we leave the EU. Employers faced with skills shortages after Brexit are planning to increase training. Independent research group CIPD report that:
- 30% more employers are considering upskilling existing employees.
- 27% more are considering sponsoring professional qualifications.
- 41% more are considering recruiting candidates with potential but without experience.
- 47% more are considering developing apprenticeship schemes.
- The NHS has already added 15,000 new places for student nurses.
Less than 2% of the UK population work in the EU and a similar small percentage of the student population study in the EU, so the loss of Freedom of Movement is not going to affect many. In addition, after Brexit there will still be work opportunities for those with the right skills and the EU take a lot of unskilled seasonal workers from outside the EU for industries such as tourism and agriculture. Several EU countries also provide fee free tuition for large numbers of non-EU universtiy students so there will still be opportunities for study.
Perks or protection?
So do we Remain and protect the interests of the small minority of young people enjoying the perk of working or studying abroad or do we Leave and protect the interests of the millions of young poeple trapped in low paid jobs with dwindling career development opportunities?
We should also consider what kind of environment we will be leaving the next generation.
The substantial number of new residents we take in from overseas can fill the City of Bristol in less than two years. The required new housing is leading to environmental damage, in 2018 28,000 acres of Green Belt land were turned over for development. And this environmental damage is about to increase dramatically.
To alleviate our growing housing crisis the government propose to build 5 garden towns in a corridor between Oxford and Cambridge. This will create 103,000 new homes. Using the average UK home occupancy of 2.4 people per dwelling we can see that these homes will house approx 247,200 people. At our current rate of net migration we can fill all these homes within 11 months, just using new residents from overseas. As well as the towns, a new motorway and rail link will be built, all of which will inflict significant environmental damage. Environmental damage is not confined to the place a person lives. All these new people will need power generation, gas and electricity infrastructure, water, landfill sites, vehicles, trains, aircraft and a vast array of consumer items that must be manufactured or imported each leaving it’s own environmental footprint. People campaigned against HS2 because of its environmental damage, the damage that the Oxford – Cambridge corridor will create will make HS2 look like a small scratch on the landscape. And it will be full almost as soon as it is completed and we will have to build yet more towns and cities.
Concrete or nature?
Do we really want to hand down to our children an over crowded, concrete jungle where the wild life we enjoy and take for granted is seldom seen outside zoos and nature reserves?
Outside of the UK in other EU nations the situation for young people is often more bleak. The graph below shows that most EU countries have youth unemployment far above the UK figure (stats from May 2018). According to Politico, 51% of Italian voters under 45 would vote to leave the European Union in a potential referendum.
Outside the EU
1.The 5.000 nursing positions were cut between 2008 and 2013. The bursary was not cut until 2017. Until 2017 student nursing positions have been heavily oversubscribed as can be seen in the graph below. The cuts in training prompted the European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies to question “whether it is fair that young people are barred from entering medical education in their country … while foreign inflows continue”.